SECCON 2018 Quals - Needle in a haystack

Media

General problem description

We got a 9 hours long video captured with a webcam on the top of a tall building in Tokyo(?). Find the flag.

Solution

First our guess was, that there will be a single frame which shows the flag, but fast-forwarding the video did not reveal anything like that.

The next idea was to export every frame and use fuzzy hashing to find very different frames. While the script was doing the exporting we were fast-forwarding the video again trying to find suspicious parts. That was when we found that one of the windows of the tall white building on the right was "blinking". The blinking window

Terms:

  • Dot: 1 min light on
  • Dash: 2 or 3 mins light on
  • Dash-Dot delimiter: 1 min light off
  • Char delimiter: 2 or 3 mins lights off

After the sun was coming up, the terms have changed slightly, as they were not turning the lights on and off, but they were opening and closing the window.

The flag was: SECCON(SOMETIMES-A-SECRET-MESSAGE-BROADCASTS-BOLDLY)

It was a fun challenge, and at this point I would like to pay all my respects to whomever was turning the light on and off and opening and closing the window throughout the whole night! :)


SECCON 2018 Quals - Runme

reversing

General problem description Given was a Windows binary, which was apparently waiting to be started with the correct cmd arguments. Solution The binary checked character by character the cmd arguments with a hard-coded value which was: "C:\\Temp\\SECCON2018Online.exe" SECCON{Runn1n6_P47h} The flag was: SECCON{Runn1n6_P47h}...

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SECCON 2018 Quals - Special device file

reversing

General problem description We were given a arm64 ELF-Binary which was accessing a special device named xorshift64. The flag and some additional random values were hard-coded into the elf. Solution The ELF does more-or-less the same as this pseudocode: # init device #with open('/dev/xorshift64', 'r') as d: d.write(0x139408fcbbf7a44) # decode flag with open('/dev/xorshift64', 'r') as d: for i Read More


SECCON 2018 Quals - Special instructions

reversing

General problem description We were given a moxie ELF-Binary which was implementing the xorshift32 PRNG algorithm. The flag and some additional random values were hard-coded into the elf. Solution Similar to the Special device file challenge the binary took the flag xored with a random value hard-coded into to binary and xored again with a value taken from the xorshift32 algorithm. The catch was again, that we didn't know the correct configuration of the algorithm only the seed and...

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HITCON 2018 - EV3 Basic

MISC

General problem description For this challenge we got a picture of a Lego Mindstorm EV3, which displays the flag partly (see below). And we also got a pcap (OK, it was in the apple PackageLogger format) with captured Bluetooth transmission. Solution The pcap shows Bluetooth traffic, and wireshark finds furthermore identifies RFCOMM protocol. Some of them includes additional data parts. If you dig around long enough on the internet you can find a wireshark dissector written...

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HITCON 2018 - EV3 Scanner

MISC

General problem description Similar to the previous challenge we got two images (see below) and a pcap. Solution Like before we use the found wireshark dissector to see what happens. However this time we find way more relevant packages than before. After some filtering we identified, that the base station sends only four different commands: OUTPUT_TIME_SPEED: go in a direction with a constant speed for given time OUTPUT_STEP_SYNC: turn given "ticks" long OUTPUT_STEP_SPEED: go in...

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Hack.lu CTF 2018 - Rusty CodePad

Rust Safe Code Bypass

Description I heard Rust is a safe programming language. So I built this CodePad where you can compile and run safe Rust code. Initial Situation We had access to a web-terminal with a limited set of commands: $ help help - print this help clear - clear screen ls - list files cat - print file content rusty - compile rusty code version - print version Calling ls reveals a Rust project file structure and a file called flag.txt: $ ls flag.txt target src lib rusty.sh Cargo.toml Now, running...

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Google CTF Quals 2018 - Back To Basics

C64 BASIC Reversing

General problem description You won't find any assembly in this challenge, only C64 BASIC. Once you get the password, the flag is CTF{password}. P.S. The challenge has been tested on the VICE emulator. We got an old .prg file, which is a C64 program file. Parsing the file First we tried using parsers that exist in the wild, that would parse the file for us, but that proved to be not effective, as there were not many and...

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Google CTF Quals 2018 - JS Safe

JavaScript Anti-Debug

General problem definition You stumbled upon someone's "JS Safe" on the web. It's a simple HTML file that can store secrets in the browser's localStorage. This means that you won't be able to extract any secret from it (the secrets are on the computer of the owner), but it looks like it was hand-crafted to work only with the password of the owner... The assignment was a Javascript file, which needs the Flag as input. Getting to...

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Google CTF Quals 2018 - Shall We Play A Game?

Android APK Reversing

General problem description Win the game 1,000,000 times to get the flag. For this challenge we got an .apk file, which we should apperently run and win 1,000,000 times. We let the online Java-decompiler at http://www.javadecompilers.com/apk. Running the apk on an Android-Phone or emulator shows us the game: Tic Tac Toe. We also get a counter 0/1000000 on the bottom of the screen. Each win increases the counter by one. Naive approach by recompiling the app We used...

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UCSB iCTF 2017 - yacs

Yet another... cat service?!

yacs is a tool to store and later retrieve text snippets. If you store program source code there, it can even compile it for you! So handy. Of course, everything is protected using state-of-the-art user authorization and password hashing. It's a big C++ compiled binary which uses a local SQLite database file for data storage. Here's a normal create/list paste workflow: ___...

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EKOPARTY CTF 2016 - FBI 300

Bitcoin as OP_RETURN Dropbox

The description of the challenge was as follows: There has been some strange transactions on this blockchain! Let's do some research. After downloading and extracting the data (fbi300_64635d9aa64b20d0.7z) is was clear that we where looking at at a .bitcoin folder of a bitcoin-core client hat was started in regtest mode. As a first guess we used bitcoin-abe to read and analyze the blockchain. (https://github.com/bitcoin-abe/bitcoin-abe). Since bitcoin-abe looks out-of-the-box in the default bitcoin directory ($HOME/.bitcoin/blcoks/*) the only thing we...

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TrendMicroCTF 2016 - SCADA 300

SCADA APT's FTW

The description of the challenge was as follows: In this challenge you are presented with a PCAP that comes from a network infected by a well known SCADA related APT Threat (hint: pay attention to potential C&C) Identify the relevant packets related to the malware and attempt to find the flag in the normal format So first we had to download and unpack the relevant file. After fiddling around with wireshark we identified a suspiciously looking HTTP...

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